Fracture of hyoid bone in association with gender, fusion, symmetry and various modes of strangulation. Fracture of Hyoid Bone.

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Pardeep Kumar
Danish Kumar
Pushpa Goswami
Farhana Rajpar
Muhammad Imran Rathore

Abstract

Introduction: U-shaped hyoid bone present in the ventral aspect of pharynx is un-likely to be fractured; therefore fracture of hyoid bone when found is a very im-portant finding in unnatural deaths.
Objective: To determine association of the fracture of hyoid bone with different modes of strangulation.
Methodology: This descriptive study was conducted in the Department of Anatomy and Department of Forensic Medicine; Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences Jamshoro Sindh Pakistan from March 2016 to March 2019. During study period total of 63 hyoid bones were grouped according to age, gender, modalities of strangulation. The bones were examined for symmetry, fusion and fracture.
Results: Out of 63 bones, 55.6 % found fused and 44.5% were unfused. Among fused hyoid (n=35), 20 found in male and 15 were from female. On the other hand unfused hyoid bone is uncommon in male as compared to female (9 vs 19). The chi-square statistic is 3.9135. The p-value is .047899. Significant at p < .05. Fracture of hyoid bone identified in 30; among these 23 were fused and 7 were unfused.
Conclusion: When cause of death is strangulation, fused hyoid fractured more com-monly as compared to unfused hyoid bone.



Keywords: Forensic Age, Fracture Hyoid, Strangulation. Fusion, of Hyoid.

Article Details

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Original Article
Author Biographies

Pardeep Kumar

Associate Professor, Depart-ment of Forensic Medicine at Peo-ples University of Medical and Health Sciences for Women, Benazirabad. Sindh.

Danish Kumar

MBBS (final Year) student at Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences, Jamshoro Sindh.

Pushpa Goswami

Associate Professor, Depart-ment of Anatomy, Liaquat Univer-sity of Medical and Health Scienc-es, Jamshoro. Sindh.

Farhana Rajpar

Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences, Jamshoro. Sindh .

Muhammad Imran Rathore

Associate Professor, Depart-ment of Anatomy, Muhammad Medical College Mirpurkhas. Sindh