Histomorphometric effects of Raphanus Sativus leaf ex-tract on Carbon Tetrachloride induced hepatotoxicity.

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Shazia Parveen
Sajjad Ali Almani
Sana Kashif
Muhammad Shahab Hanif
Ayesha Asad
Mozna Talpur


Introduction: Carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) adversely affect the structural/ and or functional properties of the hepatic tissue, leading to grave implica-tions. Currently plant-based compounds have gained sufficient space in the treatment of liver diseases. Among such plants is Raphanus sativus, a cru-ciferous plant also commonly called Radish, which has since long been used in traditional medicine.
Objective: To evaluate the protective role of Raphanus sativus in CCl4-induced hepatotoxicity through assessment of liver function and oxidative stress markers in albino Wistar rats.
Methodology: This Quasi-experimental study was conducted between Sep-tember 2019 to March 2020 at the Postgraduate Research Laboratory Isra University, Hyderabad. Albino Wistar selected by non-random purposive sampling were divided equally into three different groups: Group A (control group), Group B (CCl4 experimental group), and Group C (CCl4 plus Raphanus sativus group). Blood samples were collected through cardiac puncture followed by hepatic histopathological analysis using light micro-scope. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 24, with ANOVA and Post hoc Tukey’s analysis used for comparison of different study variables.
Results: Statistically significant rise relative liver weight of group B rats compared with the group A and C rats (P <0.05). Moreover, statistically sig-nificant (P <0.05) rise in serum markers of hepatic functions was observed after CCl4 administration in Group B. Treatment with Raphanus Sativus ad-ministration significantly reduced serum levels of LFTs (p<0.05). There was a significant decline in the plasma levels of oxidative markers in group B while marked histopathological changes like necrosis, sinusoidal dilatation and congestion observed among animals of group B.
Conclusion: Raphanus Sativus exerts an anti-oxidative, and hepato-protective effect against CCl4-induced hepatic tissue damage.
Keywords: CCl4, Hepato-protective, Raphanus Sativus.


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Shazia Parveen, Sajjad Ali Almani, Sana Kashif, Muhammad Shahab Hanif, Ayesha Asad, & Mozna Talpur. (2021). Histomorphometric effects of Raphanus Sativus leaf ex-tract on Carbon Tetrachloride induced hepatotoxicity. JMMC, 11(2), 68-73. https://doi.org/10.62118/jmmc.v11i2.160
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